Which is the easiest swimming style?

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Which is the easiest swimming style?

If you want to learn how to swim well, you must definitely answer the question: which style of swimming should you start learning first? But what if you go from zero and have no experience to know which one is best for you? Perhaps the results depend on what style you like best when watching other people swim. In this article, we will share some analysis based on personal experience, hoping to partly help you make an easier and more accurate choice.

In competition there are 4 types of swimming techniques:

Freestyle or front-crawl

Athletes certainly have their own professional training program, not covered here. Just talking about amateur high school swimmers. Let’s get started, ranked in descending order of popularity:


The style of swimming is most taught to beginners and is also the most common that can be found in all swimming pools. Of course, it should be understood by default that the common frog swimming style, the vegetative frog to distinguish it from “breaststroke” (competition standard). Essentially it is similar in basic technique but cutting or reducing the difficult, laborious movements, of course, sacrifices the speed of the swimming style.

How to do breaststroke

How to do breaststroke

Features of breaststroke:

  • The movements are simple, easy to learn, and quick to practice. The arms and legs are symmetrical, left and right are exactly the same, and only works underwater.
  • Thrust mostly comes from the legs (pedal kicks), hand force mainly to lift the head to breathe. According to research, the ratio of thrust to the limb is 80-20.
  • There is straight forward breathing, much easier than the inner rotation of stride swimming. At the same time, observing the swimming path is also easy, without fear of collision or disorientation.
  • To be able to “breaststroke” does not ask too big physically as well as flexibility. So breaststroke is suitable for the elderly or with limited physical strength.


The fastest, most economical swimming style over long distances. Most commonly used in open-water swimming (outside natural rivers and lakes) or marathon swimming competitions. The reason is when swimming stride, the body keeps straight horizontally, the center of gravity is less up and down, the shaft is straight. The beginners start with swimming stride after breaststroke.

How to do front-crawl

How to do front-crawl

Features of front-crawl:

  • A boat-like body and paddle-like hands generate much of the thrust. Leg force is responsible for the back body, keeping the body horizontal and partially pushing the body. The ratio of hand thrust can be estimated: 70 – 30.
  • From zero, practicing leg and arm movements in the swimming stride significantly longer than frogs due to the more complicated.
  • Requires flexible muscles and joints, especially shoulder and ankle joints, followed by hips and neck. If you are stiff, improving is not easy and takes a lot of time. Otherwise, swimming strides are pathetic and laborious.
  • The side breathing movement is quite difficult, can be seen as a hindrance for newbies. At first, it is easy to be “filled” with water in the mouth, nose, shortness of breath due to insufficient intake, needing to practice a lot until mastering.
  • Good stride will be a great help for butterfly and backstroke swimming. If you consider only one hand, the hand movement is very similar to the stroke (symmetrical butterfly with staggered span). Backstroke swimming is more similar, many learners finish stride to practice backstroke very quickly.

Thus, front-crawl strokes have many interesting points, but also more difficult to conquer. If you choose to start with front-crawl swimming, make it clear what this style is all about. Lack of fitness is a problem for many women with weak limbs. Men often experience stiffness, especially those with seniority in sports that do not develop joint muscle flexibility. Those factors can make the stride swimming learning process much longer and more difficult.

Butterfly swimming

The hardest, most beautiful swim style and requires the most fitness and technique. The charm of butterfly swimming lies in the combination of complex but powerful movements. Therefore, almost no one chooses to learn this style of swimming first but often conquers last. Once you’ve mastered at least one other swimming style for the foundation.

How to do butterfly swimming

How to do butterfly swimming

Features of butterfly swimming:

  • Body bending waves, rushing to the surface of the water and then sank down rhythmically like a dolphin galloping. When leaping up with both arms outstretched at the same time, so this style of swimming is also known as “fly”.
  • The movement 2 legs, left and right hands are identical, symmetrical. One arm cycle corresponds to two flicks of the leg.
  • Take the front breath like a breaststroke. But it is more difficult to keep the body wave posture while taking the air. There is also lateral breathing to keep the head low, but less common.
  • Use the most comprehensive muscles of all swimming styles. Incorporates the most complex movements of the most body parts. The thrust generated by the two hands is still mainly, but the difference is not as large as front-crawl swimming.

In a nutshell, butterfly swimming is a difficult swimming style, with almost no application outside of competition. In an emergency or want to experience swimming in the wild, it is difficult to use this complicated and laborious style of swimming.


The swimming style is very similar to the technical stumbling block, instead of lying on your stomach, you will lie on your back (vice versa). The flutter kick swing and flutter kick are similar to crawling.

Although swimming upside down, the nose and mouth are always above the water, but for beginners, it is easy to get water spilled into the nose. Navigating in the backstroke is also difficult when you’re just looking at the ceiling. Not being able to see ahead can cause psychological anxiety, causing collisions. Therefore, backstroke swimming seldom gets the first choice of study, but moves on to when it is mastered to swim tummy.

How to do backstroke

How to do the backstroke

When faced with dangerous underwater situations, backstroke is considered a survival skill. However, it is the type of lying on the back, swimming freely backside, not necessarily the correct technique of swimming backstroke competition. Because the nose and mouth are kept above the water surface, with very little force, you can wave your limbs and legs.


Breaststroke: easiest to learn, many choose to get started. Can swim for long (long distances) but slowly, difficult to improve speed.

So, if you want to try all the swimming styles, you can refer to the sequential path: frog – stride – butterfly – back. However, if you like to crawl because of its superiority, starting from here is perfectly reasonable. Butterfly swimming and backstroke swimming for most swimmers is not as important as the two types above.


Can you learn to swim by yourself? Which swimming style is the least effortless?

The fastest way to learn how to swim from the experience of a swimming instructor!

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