Swimming – Best Sports For People With Arthritis!

Swimming - Best Sports For People With Arthritis!

Swimming – Best Sports For People With Arthritis!

Arthritis is a common condition in people and all ages. Joints are painful and swollen, which can make everyday movements difficult, especially in the elderly.
Did you know that swimming and similar activities in the water are the best exercises for arthritis? Let’s go find out together!

What is arthritis?

Arthritis is damage, infection, and erosion in the buffer layer of joint cartilage, making joints painful and difficult to move. The disease occurs at many different ages but is most common in the elderly.

Any joint in our body can become inflamed. Depending on the location of the disease, there are medical terms such as knee arthritis, hip arthritis, shoulder arthritis, finger arthritis, and toe arthritis.



Causes of arthritis

Many people think that arthritis occurs only when infected. However, in fact, this disease stems from many different causes. Include:

Effects of the aging process

The older the age, the more degenerative and weakened the bones and joints are. This phenomenon takes place strongly in the cartilage layer surrounding the joint, causing the cartilage layer to thin. Therefore, the bones have stronger friction when the movement leads to damage, swelling and pain of the joints.


In people who are obese, joints are under more pressure, so they age quickly and are prone to arthritis.

Weather changes

The erratic up and down temperature affects the viscosity of the joint fluid and the ability to circulate blood to the joints. Especially in winter, the synovial fluid becomes thick, preventing the joint from being lubricated as needed. This makes joints more susceptible to damage, inflammation and pain.


Arthritis can develop after a prolonged injury to a joint, ligament, tendon, muscle or software around a joint. Sports athletes and heavy workers are susceptible to disease because of this cause.


The development of technology and modern life rhythm makes people less and less sedentary. This increases the risk of obesity, heart disease and other bone and joint diseases, including arthritis.

Labor, acting in the wrong posture

The porter is carrying too much weight, standing for a long time, sitting a lot, causing the muscles and joints to be spastic, swollen, and progressed to arthritis for a long time.


Genetic factors are also involved in the development of the disease, especially rheumatoid arthritis. Also, if you have a family history of systemic lupus erythematosus, you are also at risk for rheumatoid arthritis.

Due to the influence of the occupation

Workers who have to exercise a lot of hands and feet, carry or sit for a long time in front of a computer screen are at higher risk of arthritis than others.

Symptoms of arthritis

Arthritis usually progresses in the early stages when it first starts. As the progression progresses, the symptoms will manifest more outward. The patient may notice clear signs such as:

Osteoarthritis pain

Depending on the area affected, the pain may be different. The most painful arthritic joints are usually knee, hip, shoulder, wrist or toe joints … You can get severe joint pain day and night if you have severe arthritis.


Inflammatory joints often present with stiffness and difficulty moving. This symptom is most clearly seen after waking up. Need to rest, massage for a few minutes this will get better.

Swollen red joints

Joint swelling is an inevitable consequence of infection. Inflammation of joints often presents with swelling, redness, and warmth. It hurts just by pressing lightly. This can limit the range of motion of the joint.

Painful, red hot joints are characteristic symptoms of arthritis

There is a strange noise emanating from the joint when moving. This is also one of the typical symptoms of arthritis. When inflamed, the amount of fluid to lubricate the joints is reduced, along with the cartilage layer that protects the joints is also significantly worn out. Therefore, the bone ends are rubbing against each other each time the movement makes a cry “clumping”, “scratching” at the injured joint.

The most typical symptoms of arthritis

The most typical symptoms of arthritis

Muscle weakness

To avoid pain, many patients mainly rest in one place. This inadvertently makes the blood not circulate well, the muscles surrounding the inflamed joint gradually weaken, even shrink.

Joint deformation

With severe arthritis, the cartilage and ligaments system is severely damaged, causing the joint to deform. The bone head may deviate completely outward, causing difficulty and pain for the patient every time they move.

Other signs

In addition to the above symptoms, people with arthritis may experience symptoms of the whole body such as fever, fatigue, insomnia, poor concentration at work …

How does swimming help people with arthritis?

Swimming has been recognized to help relieve pain, stiffness and disability in people with this condition. It also increases the flexibility of the whole body.

When swimming, about 90% of your body weight is supported by water. The near weightless environment and the support from water help to suppress the pain inside joint movement when you have this condition.

Swimming also helps to tone muscle groups needed without going through the discomfort of other sports. This makes it ideal for people with disabilities, those with long-term trauma or illness.

Swimming also reduces the risk of osteoarthritis by helping us maintain the best muscle strength and joint structure. Therefore, swimming is not only a great exercise for sick people but also a very effective preventive measure against osteoarthritis. If there is someone in your family with joint pain a.k.a arthritis, you can advise them to swim. Swimming will help them a lot. And you can swim to prevent arthritis as well.


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